Last name: Armstrong

After William 1 conquered England in 1066, he rewarded his followers with land grants. Amongst these followers were ones known as "Forten Bras" which literally translates as "strong in the arm", itself a rare surname, and from these people developed the Armstrangs or Armstrongs. The clan has always been centred in Liddesdale in Cumbria, where its fierce and warlike members were enlisted by the Scottish and English kings in turn. The terms "Moss Troopers" and "Border Reivers" were applied to the clan Armstrong, the history of the clan being the history of "The Border" and the wars between England and Scotland. As examples of their "strength", in 1342, Richard Harmestrang made a loan to King David 11 (1329 - 1371) of Scotland, whilst in 1363, William Armstrong was not only steward to the king, but ambassador to England. However, it is in the field of (literally) private enterprise that the Armstrongs made their mark, Armstrong of Gilnockie, a well known "free booter", being executed by James V of Scotland in 1529, whilst in 1596, Kinmont Willie (Armstrong), another "pirate" was seized by the Scots from Carlisle Castle, his subsequent fate is "unknown". Another unfortunate was Sir Thomas Armstrong (1624 - 1684), a well known monarchist, who fell foul of Judge Jeffreys and was executed. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam Armstrong, which was dated 1235, arrested and imprisoned for murder and later pardoned at Carlisle, during the reign of King Alexander 11 of Scotland, 1214 - 1249. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

© Copyright: Name Origin Research 1980 - 2015

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mimi armstrong
Really weird... I have the.last name Armstrong and I'm Indian & Italian ... any one know how this can happen?

T Armstrong
this completely adds up. my family am i are from Jamaica born and raised and some of my family moved to and from England

I am also researching the surname Armstrong in Clarendon, Jamaica.

Rebecca Merritt
Have a male Armstrong do a DNA test from My brother did one for me and we go back to the Armstrongs to Scotland. I may not have a paper trail yet to these Armstrong, but the blood says they are family.

Jordan John Armstrong

I'm from Bannockburn in Stirling Scotland. I'm proud to be an Armstrong. They say the name was given to us from a Scottish king that in battle with the English he was knocked from his horse, one man lifted the king back onto his horse with one arm and the king said that's a strong arm you've got, and then got to safety. He later gave lands to the man near the borders, here emerged the Armstrong clan. Clan is Scottish meaning family. Google this, Johnny Armstrong was a leader and what happened to him and his men is an interesting story of these times. Google this people ✌️

Melissa Loyola M. do C. Gomes

I live in Brazil and the last name of my grandfather is armstrong. They had told me that his ancestral had lived in Irland, but I'm not sure about this. When he arrived in Brazil, the peolple who had registred the names didn't understand 'armstrong' and registred "mistrongue".