Last name: Ayres

This long-established surname is of early medieval English origin, and has two distinct possible sources, each with its own history and derivation. Firstly, Ayres may be a patronymic form of "Ayre", itself a nickname for a man who was well known to be the heir to a title or fortune, deriving from the Middle English "eir, eyr", heir (Old French "(h)eir", Latin "heres", heir). One Ralph le Eir was noted in the 1208 Feet of Fines for Essex, and a Richard le Heyre appears in the 1273 Hundred Rolls of Gloucestershire. The second possibility is that Ayres is a patronymic form of the Middle English personal name "Aier, Aer", itself coming from the Olde English pre 7th Century "Ealhhere", a compound of the elements "eal(h)", old, and "heri", army. Robertus filius (son of) Aier was noted in the 1166 Red Book of the Exchequer, and a Robert Aier in the 1201 Pipe Rolls of Shropshire. In the modern idiom the surname has several spelling variations ranging from Ayers, Ayres, Ayris, Ayars and Air(e)s, to Eayrs, Eyres and Eyers, the final "s" indicates the patronymic, and is a reduced form of "son of". John Ayres was a noted penman, who between 1680 and 1700 introduced the Italian hand into England; he published many calligraphic works including "A Tutor to Penmanship", 1698. Symon Ayres, "chirurgeon", aged 48 yrs., who embarked from London on the ship "Increase" bound for New England in April 1635 was one of the earliest recorded namebearers to settle in America. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry Ayer, which was dated 1273, in the "Hundred Rolls of Lincolnshire", during the reign of King Edward 1, known as "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

© Copyright: Name Origin Research www.surnamedb.com 1980 - 2017

Surname Scroll

Enjoy this name printed onto our colourful scroll, printed in Olde English script. An ideal gift. View Details.

Daniel ayris
Australia, not many of us in the whole of Australia, prob only 30 of us.

Conor Ayres

Irish living in Canada, would like to know more about my surname origins

Constance Maguire
George Ayres married Margaret ?. She was born in NY. He died in 1836 and is buried in Wyatt cemetery Delaware County Ohio . He was 52 yrs 5m 11 days. I believe he served in the War of 1812. He had 6 children: Katherine b 1807 NJ, d 1845, John b 1808 d 1851, ???Male, ??? Female, William b abt 1820, Louisa b abt 1830 m George Partridge 1852 Marion County, Ohio. Hunting info on George and Margaret!

Tammy Louise Ayers Staton Rutherford
I was always told we orginared from Ireland, I wonder if any of my Ancestors came from Ireland. England is all I have found so far

Subscribe to our newsletter

View previous newsletters.

Powered by MailChimp