This interesting surname, of Anglo-Saxon origin, with variant spellings Bownd, Bownde, Bounde, was at first a status surname for a peasant farmer or husbandman. The derivation is from the Olde English pre 7th Century "bonda, bunda", reinforced by the Old Norse "bonde, bondi", in Middle English, "bonde". The ultimate derivation is disputed; it may be connected with the Olde English "buan", to dwell, hence "buende", a dweller, but is thought more likely to be from "bindan", to bind. It was originally used to signify a farmer holding lands from and bound by loyalty to a lord, and hence a free landowner.After the Norman Conquest the name became associated with the idea of bound servitude. The surname dates back to the late 12th Century, (see below). Church Records include the marriage of Elsabeth Brownde to John Goodeyere on August 5th 1549 at St. Margaret's, Westminster, and the marriage of John Bound to Jane Jenison on October 30th 1858 at St. John the Baptist, Chester, Cheshire. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Norman le Bonde, which was dated 1180, in the Pipe Rolls of Warwickshire, during the reign of King Henry 11 - The Builder of Churches, 1154-1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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