Last name: Caldwell

This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational name from any one of the places called Caldwell in North Yorkshire and Warwickshire, Cauldwell in Bedfordshire, Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, and other places named with the same elements such as Chadwell and Chardwell. The place in Yorkshire is recorded as "Caldeuuella" in the Domesday Book of 1086, and shares with all the other places mentioned the same meaning and derivation, which is from the Olde English pre 7th Century "cald", "ceald", cold, with "well", "wella" a spring, stream or well; hence "cold stream". The surname is also found in Scotland, where it appears in the late 12th Century (see below). Richard de Coldewell is noted in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Returns (1379). There are a great many variants of the modern surname ranging from Caldwell, Cau(l)dwell and Cawdell to Couldwell and Cholwell. Recordings from London Church Registers include: the marriage of Robert Coldwell and Agnes Hanshawe on May 1st 1547, at the Church of St. Mary le Bow; and the christening of Nycolas Coldwell on October 10th 1555, at the Church of St. James's, Garlickhithe. A Coat of Arms granted to the Coldwell family is a blue shield with a silver cross moline. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam de Caldwella, which was dated 1195, in the "Pipe Rolls of Derbyshire", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

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Dave
The article posits several errors. They get the coat of arms wrong and the origin is in Scotland @ caldwell--my family in NE USA is Scotch-Irish

caldwell
What etnicity are most caldwells today as current year 2013

JohnStarkClark
Please! Please! Please! Can people stop commenting on these surname comment sections without first checking their sources and facts. The surname 'Caldwell' is English, as was already well covered by the original article above, but (and this is where people fail to grasp the facts and sources) the surname also appears in Scotland. The two are not connected; if you find a Caldwell in your tree and it goes back several hundred years in England then TADA! you are an English Caldwell. With the silly logic of names being solely the property of one British nation, then Clarks, Moores, Dyers, etc...had best just up and state they are derived from the moon.

^__^
This is of Scottish porigin, although with close ties to English. It orginates from the Coldwell clan, who lived by a cold well. They in turn lived with the Britians of Strathclyde.

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This is a name is Scottish origin, not English