Last name: Cox

This interesting surname has a number of possible origins. Firstly, it may have originated as a nickname from the bird, the cock, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "cocc", and applied to a young lad who strutted proudly like a cock. The nickname may also have referred to a natural leader, or an early riser, or a lusty or aggressive individual. It may also have derived from the Olde English personal names "Cocc" or "Cocca", found in placenames, although not on independent record. But as "cock" became a common term for a boy, it may also have been used affectionately as a personal name. The third possibility is that it may be of topographical origin for a "dweller by the hill", deriving from the Olde English "cocc" meaning haycock, heap or hillock. In London it probably originated from the sign of a house or inn. One William le Cock, appears in the Staffordshire Forest Pleas (1271) and Hugh ate Cocke, is noted in the Subsidy Rolls of London (1319). In the modern idiom the surname has many variant spellings including Cock, Cocke and Cocks. On October 18th 1556, Alicea Cox married Burkrave Westdrop at St. Martin in the Fields, Westminster, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Aluuinus Coc, which was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book of Cambridgeshire, during the reign of King William 1, known as "The Conqueror", 1066 - 1086. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

© Copyright: Name Origin Research www.surnamedb.com 1980 - 2015

Want to dig deeper into your family history? Take a look at our page on building a Family Tree. Or get scientific and enter the exciting world of Ancestral DNA!

Surname Scroll

Enjoy this name printed onto our colourful scroll, printed in Olde English script. An ideal gift. View Details.
PayPal Acceptance Mark
Surname Scroll

Ricky Cox
anglised in Ireland from mac cuchoille

Matt Cox
not true

Dafydd ap Ffranc
My mam's mam's family were Cox and it is a different origin to the English surname. It is an Anglicised form of 'Coch' meaning red in Welsh. And was often used in the middle ages as a monica for some one with red hair.

Colin Cox
I always thought it was Scottish???

Mark Cox (Cape Town South Africa)
Interesting to know all these various origins... hehehehehe

rjc

My name is Jason Cox I live in Gadsden, Alabama! I was always told we are Irish...Which is very Possible I think the first recoreded woman Alecia Cox was Irish.

Julie G.(Adams)
My gggreat grand father was John Cox,was born 1833,in NY.He was married to Mary M.Harris in Rhode Island.I'm curious about,their blood line.I was told.That she wasn't from NY.Parents name's were unknown.But,she was born around 1836,37.Would,any body no,their blood line?Or,what these people looked like?Julie G.(Adams)

Teagen Cox
I live in Newport, Wales and i have heard that that is where the surname cox originated.

Marlene
My great (4 times) grandmother was Winnie Cox. born around 1858. Married a Norris. Does anyone have some information on her?