Last name: Cox

This interesting surname has a number of possible origins. Firstly, it may have originated as a nickname from the bird, the cock, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "cocc", and applied to a young lad who strutted proudly like a cock. The nickname may also have referred to a natural leader, or an early riser, or a lusty or aggressive individual. It may also have derived from the Olde English personal names "Cocc" or "Cocca", found in placenames, although not on independent record. But as "cock" became a common term for a boy, it may also have been used affectionately as a personal name. The third possibility is that it may be of topographical origin for a "dweller by the hill", deriving from the Olde English "cocc" meaning haycock, heap or hillock. In London it probably originated from the sign of a house or inn. One William le Cock, appears in the Staffordshire Forest Pleas (1271) and Hugh ate Cocke, is noted in the Subsidy Rolls of London (1319). In the modern idiom the surname has many variant spellings including Cock, Cocke and Cocks. On October 18th 1556, Alicea Cox married Burkrave Westdrop at St. Martin in the Fields, Westminster, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Aluuinus Coc, which was dated 1086, in the Domesday Book of Cambridgeshire, during the reign of King William 1, known as "The Conqueror", 1066 - 1086. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

© Copyright: Name Origin Research 1980 - 2017

Surname Scroll

Enjoy this name printed onto our colourful scroll, printed in Olde English script. An ideal gift. View Details.

Ricky Cox
anglised in Ireland from mac cuchoille

Matt Cox
not true

Dafydd ap Ffranc
My mam's mam's family were Cox and it is a different origin to the English surname. It is an Anglicised form of 'Coch' meaning red in Welsh. And was often used in the middle ages as a monica for some one with red hair.

Colin Cox
I always thought it was Scottish???

Mark Cox (Cape Town South Africa)
Interesting to know all these various origins... hehehehehe


My name is Jason Cox I live in Gadsden, Alabama! I was always told we are Irish...Which is very Possible I think the first recoreded woman Alecia Cox was Irish.

Julie G.(Adams)
My gggreat grand father was John Cox,was born 1833,in NY.He was married to Mary M.Harris in Rhode Island.I'm curious about,their blood line.I was told.That she wasn't from NY.Parents name's were unknown.But,she was born around 1836,37.Would,any body no,their blood line?Or,what these people looked like?Julie G.(Adams)

Teagen Cox
I live in Newport, Wales and i have heard that that is where the surname cox originated.

My great (4 times) grandmother was Winnie Cox. born around 1858. Married a Norris. Does anyone have some information on her?

Hi Marlene...I have a Winnie Cox from that time as well. Pretty sure I saw the name Norris as well. I'll check back in after looking through the albums again. :)

johnnie cox
born and raided in richmond va, have familt in charlettsville, went to a reuion when i was younger. dontt remember their names, my moms name is shelia shifflett that's her maiden name, fathers name is johnnie edward cox sr. he was in foster homes, no i never met his mom or dad.

stacy cox
irish/english mix here, lol i think last i heard from the rents my father's family moved to roanoke va from ohio

Stephen Murdock Cox.
My Cox predecessors were all from the Walhalla, Oconee area in South Carolina. The first Cox I know anything about married a Slater.

C Cox
African American woman from Pittsburgh. Cox is my grandfather's last name and I have recently found out I have family in Nassau Bahamas. Anyone from there? Want to know where my family is from.

Holly Davis
We are related to George Washington Cox (Adair, Iowa) early 1900's. Then back to Abner Cox (Virginia mid-1740's). Family tradition says we are Covenanters out of Northern Ireland, supplanted from somewhere in Scotland. Does anyone have any information about who, when. & where came out of Scotland? Or even Ireland? Thanks.

Subscribe to our newsletter

View previous newsletters.

Powered by MailChimp