Last name: Douglass

This noble and distinguished surname is of Scottish territorial origin from the lands of Douglas, south of Glasgow, in Lanarkshire, situated on the Douglas Water. These waters were so named from the Old Gaelic "dubh", dark or black, plus "glas", a rivulet or stream. The original stronghold of the Douglas family and their retainers lay in this area, and the Douglases were described by the historian Lang as "the great, turbulent, daring, and too often treacherous house". The fair principal stems of the family are: the old Douglas of Douglasdale (the Black Douglas), illustrious in the War of Independence: the line of Morton who were closely connected with Mary Queen of Scots: the house of Drumlanrig and Queensberry, and the House of Angus, the Red Douglas. The family also hold the titles, Earl of Douglas, Earl of Angus and Earl of Forfar. Among the one hundred notable namebearers mentioned in "The Dictionary of National Biography" is Sir James Douglas, "the good" (1286 - 1330), who set out on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, carrying the heart of the dead Robert Bruce. A Coat of Arms granted to Sir James' nephew, William, is a silver shield with a red man's heart, on a blue chief three silver stars. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William de Duglas, charter witness in Kelso, which was dated 1175, in the "Records of Kelso Abbey", Roxburghshire, during the reign of King William, known as "The Lion of Scotland", 1165 - 1214. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

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Joan Douglass McCormick
I would love some answers about the double S or single one, too, having heard several reasons I have always been told by family that double S meant we were of the black Douglass branch, and were considered the fiercer Douglasses. Then I read recently in Susan's research that the Douglasses helped Queen Mary escape from the castle in which she was held. My Father was Earl Montrell Douglass, Jr. Looking up his name I got a cannot find reply. Wondering why not. One of my nephews research our line back to the American Revolution where he lost contact. A William Douglass. Anyone have any answers?

Susan Douglass Willoughby
Susan Douglass~grand daughter of Earl Montrell Douglass......this is fascinating looking into the Douglass' and how we fit into Irish/Scottish/UK history!! Castle builders and do I understand Light House Engineers as well/funny my dad John David Douglass was an engineer as well~not knowing from whence he came~DNA whatta concept~

Steven Douglass
I am an American caucasian "Black" Douglass. I have been to the town of Douglas, Scotland. While there the town auto mechanic suggested I needed to go to McBride's Church, their local historical society, Being more or less infinitely curious, I went. There I saw a stained glass window with a man's face on it. I think it was the Knight, The Good Sir James Douglas. THIS WAS THE FACE OF MY FATHER, HOWARD DOUGLASS !!!!! BTW although there are "Black" Douglass's, who actually are physically black, from my research myfamily were called "Black Douglas's because of their fierceness in battle, as our family motto is Never Behind. Read more: http://www.surnamedb.com/Surname/Douglass#ixzz1kocvdN31

Steven Douglass
Perhaps this is definitive. I am a caucasian "Black" Douglass. I have been to the town of Douglas, Scotland. While there the town auto mechanic suggested I needed to go to McBride's Church, their local historical society, Being more or less infinitely curious, I went. There I saw a stained glass window with a man's face on it. I think it was the Knight, The Good Sir James Douglas. THIS WAS THE FACE OF MY FATHER, HOWARD DOUGLASS !!!!! BTW although there are "Black" Douglass's, who actually are physically black, from my research myfamily were called "Black Douglas's because of their fierceness in battle, as our family motto is Never Behind.