Last name: Garland
This long-established surname is of dual derivation in England, being either a topographical name from residence by a triangular-shaped piece of land, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "gara", triangular piece of land, with "land", land, or a locational name from Garland, a minor place in Chumleigh, Devonshire, so called from the above elements. Alternatively, Garland may have originated as a metonymic occupational name for a maker of garlands of chaplets, deriving from the 13th Century ld French. Early examples of the surname form the former source include: William de Garland (Essex, 1208), and Robert de Garlande (Yorkshire, 1225). Recordings from the latter source are: William le Garlaunde (London, 1275), and Adam Garlaund (Essex, 1293). In Ireland, the surname Garland has an interesting development, the earliest form of the name being Gernon which was introduced by Roger de Gernon who accompanied Strongbow in the Anglo-Norman Invasion of 1170. "Gernon" originated as a nickname for someone who wore a moustache, from the Old French "gernon", moustache, and the curious transition from Gernon to Garland included Garlan and Gearlon, as is evidenced in the 13th Century Dowdall Deeds Records of Counties Louth and Meath. Roger Gernon or Garland was sheriff of County Louth in 1578. A Coat of Arms granted to the Garland family in 1620 is a gold shield with three red pales, on a chief per pale red and black, a chaplet and a demi lion issuant silver. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John de Garland(e), which was dated 1190, in the "Pipe Rolls of Hampshire", during the reign of King Richard 1, known as "Richard the Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
© Copyright: Name Origin Research www.surnamedb.com 1980 - 2015
Want to dig deeper into your family history? Take a look at our page on building a Family Tree
. Or get scientific and enter the exciting world of Ancestral DNA
We are currently experiencing a technical fault with our comments system we hope to have it working again shortly, sorry for any inconvenience. (19th of May 2015)
Hmm Wonder what the chances are that any of us here are related?
I'm Michael Garland from Atlanta, Georgia U.S. All of my Garland Family are from GA/N.C./VA. Most to all reside in Ellijay, GA Gilmer and/or Fannin Co.
My line comes down from Peter the Mariner.
Gutridge W. Garland (1753-1848) (Limestone Cove TN) was my 4th Great Grand Father, and Peter Garland the First being my 9th GGF
My Grandfather was Hobert Garland of Ellijay, and my GGF was John C. Garland also of Ellijay, GA
Ime John Cahill from Dublin Ireland
My mothers family are Garland and they lived in Monaghan so far i have only got back to 1800 they were farmers the interesting part is a place name beside their land is called essexfort
My first name is Garland, but was mother's last name was Garland. We are all from South Georgia around Cairo for the last 100+ years, prior to that having moved for North Carolina in the 1800's.
I'm Bill Garland, as was my Dad, and we're from Bolton England, but my Granddad Peter and his brother John came over from somewhere in Ireland to be raised by an Aunt in Warrington. I don't know where in Ireland they came from but I have a vague memory of somewhere called Roselea or Rossleigh ?