Last name: Hurd
Recorded in several spellings including Herd, Hurd, Hurde, Hurdman, and the patronymics or diminiutives Hurdis, Hurdiss and Herdson, this is an English surname. It is one of the occupational names for a keeper of animals, generally cows or sheep. The derivation is from the pre 7th Century Olde English word 'hierde' meaning a herd or flock. Occupational surnames were amongst the earliest to be created, but often they did not become hereditary unless a son or sometimes a grandson, followed in the footsteps of the father. In this case early examples of the surname recordings taken from surviving rolls and registers of the medieval period include those of: Thomas Hord of the county of Staffordshire in the year 1221, Reginald Le Herd of Somerset in 1243, and Richard Le Hurde of Sussex, in the subsidy rolls of that county for 1296. Robert Herdsman is recorded in Colchester in 1367 and Nicholas Herder in Somerset slightly earlier in 1333. Later examples include Ellen Hurdis, the daughter of Thomas Hurdis, who was christened at St Brides church, Fleet Street, in the city of London on March 20th 1598, and Katherine Hurdiss, the daughter of William, who was christened at St Olave's church, Hart Street, also in the city of London, on July 12th 1697. The first recorded spelling of the family name may be that of William Le Hird. This was dated 1189, in the Curia Regis rolls, during the reign of King Richard 1st of England and known as "The Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
© Copyright: Name Origin Research www.surnamedb.com 1980 - 2015
Want to dig deeper into your family history? Take a look at our page on building a Family Tree
. Or get scientific and enter the exciting world of Ancestral DNA
hi, im native and african decent i was wondering since my last name is hurd what does this mean for me in terms of my race i was told im mixed with native but maybe im mixed with other things. Im just curious can anyone help me on this?.
Hi Jamahn, I am curious. From what area are you a native? I am not an expert by any means but I believe you will find a blonde-haired blue-eyed English man in your bloodline. If your name was spelled with an e (Herd) then I would entertain the idea of native origins but Hurd is very English. The records for Hurd are plentiful, you should be able to research this line of your ancestry fairly easy. Just dig in!
My native line is Choctaw, cherokee, and comanche.
When the slaves were freed they needed a last name and usually took the surname of their master.