Last name: Rigney
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The Latin word-endings agna, igna, agnae, ignae became igné, igney, ignies, igny, etc. in French dialects. They are probably variants of the Latin word ignis (fire). The French word igné means on fire, or incandescent. Therefore, igney may refer to a place where there is fire, or an encampment. 33 towns in France end in "igney", and all but two are in Franche-Comté. 576 towns in France end in "igny", all over France. Therefore, the spelling of Rigney suggests a Franche-Comté origin. Rigney might be a contraction of Roche-igney (Encampment at, of, or on the rock), as evidenced by the chateau at Rigney, Franche-Comté called Chateau de la Roche, which is built upon a cliff that dominates the valley of the Ognon river (La Roche-sur-l'Ognon). In the 1600s, there was more than one reason to leave Franche-Comté. One was the religious wars. Another was the practice of serfdom, which caused emigration. One place to go was a plantation in Ireland, which was land confiscated by the English crown, and colonized by settlers from England, the Scottish Lowlands, and continental Europe. One of the oldest plantations was the Plantation of King's County (now Offaly). The Rigneys in Ireland were associated almost exclusively with Offaly, suggesting that they were settlers there and became "Scotch-Irish", who, it should be noted, were in general neither Scotch nor Irish. Genetic tests of at least one lineage of Rigney that came to America before 1750 indicate that they are Saxons who originally lived in Lower-Saxony in the vicinity of what is now Hannover, Germany. Rigneys are not celts.
There is a town in France named Rigny-Usee. Some accounts have suggested that some Rigneys might have been French Hugenots who fled to England.