Last name: Shah
This noble and honourable surname is of Persian, Turkish and Hindi origin, and was given to one connected in some manner with a king's household. A shah is a ruler of certain Middle Eastern countries, especially Persia (now Iran), and derives from the Persian "shah", king. In Nepal, Shah is the family name of members of the royal family. Jahan Shah (see below) was Mogul emperor from 1628 to 1658. During his reign the finest monuments of Mogul architecture in India were built, including the Taj Mahal and the Pearl Mosque at Agra. The city of Sahjahanpur in northern India was founded in 1647, during his reign. In 1739, Nadir Shah of Persia conquered India, he then ordered a general massacre, in which one hundred and fifty thousand people perished. He carried away treasure amounting to 125,000,000 Sterling. After the death of Mahomed Shah in 1748 the Mogul Empire became merely nominal, with independent sovereignties being formed by petty princes. In 1761, Shah Alum 11 was defeated at Patna, where he attacked the English, and after the Battle of Buxar in 1764, he was thrown upon the protection of the English, who established him at Allahabad. After the victory at Delhi in 1803, General Lake restored the aged monarch to a nominal sovereignty, which descended at his death to his son, Akbar Shah. Akbar died in 1837, and was succeeded by his son, the last king of Delhi. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Jahan Shah, which was dated 1592, born in India, during the reign of Akbar, greatest sovereign of Hindostan, 1556 - 1605. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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People often talk that shah are muslims. I don't know actually it is true or false.. if anyone could give me the clear defination on this than i would be very greatful
The name Shah we can find in Iran, Central Asia (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan,.....) India, Afganistan, may be in Pakistan also. But surprisingly this name we can find in Malaysia as well. Actually there were a lot of historical situations sometimes people (who doing research on history) argued about some historical Names, Places or Persons. From my point of view may be the name Shah came to India (and southern countries up to Malaysia and Indonesia) from the time when Babur 1483-1503 (great great grandson of Amir Timur) who was born in Andijan (currently this city is in Uzbekistan) and later build up kingdom in India. Babur's son (Humayun, 1530-1556) - Babur's grandson (Akbar, 1556-1605) Babur's great-grandson (Jahangir 1605-1627) great-great-grandson (Shah Jahan,1628-1658) made the most famous of gardens: the Taj Mahal. May be people who used name Shah somehow related to Babur's family or other kings in Central Asia, Iran, India, Pakistan and Afganistan.
When Hindus from coastal India (Gujarat) were doing a huge business with Iran (then Persia) in 13th and 14th Century. Some of this business men had in access of 500 ships and they were extremely successful in their trade. King of Persia was so pleased with this business men that they gave them "Khitab"(honour) of Shah of India. That's how the shah last name in Gujarat came in effect.
Mr S Shah
Hindu origin from South Africa