This is an English locational surname. Recorded in many spellings including Bangle, Banglee, Bangley, Bingle, Bingley and others it originates from the town of Bingley in Yorkshire. Locational surnames were generally given or adopted when a person moved to another locality as an immediate form of identity. Sometimes this identity was national such as English or Scot(t), sometimes by county, but usually by town or village or even farmstead. In this case the early surname was "Bingelay" (see below) and later Byngelay, before reverting to the (near) original spelling in the 16th and 17th century.Bingle is first recorded in what is now South Yorkshire, with Godfrid Bingle, the son of Roberti Bingle, being christened at Bolton on Dearne on January 10th 1606. Other recordings include Godfrey Byngeley of Royston, Yorkshire on December 28th 1661, Jane Bangle, who married Edward White at St Giles Cripplegate in the city of London, on May 8th 1730, and John Bangley who was a christening witness at St Sepulchre church, also in the city of London, on April 22nd 1764. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Battes de Bingelay. This was dated 1273, in the Hundred Rolls of Yorkshire, during the reign of King Edward 1st of England and known as "The hammer of the Scots," 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as the Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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