This ancient German surname, is one of the few of its style (Egbert, Herbert, Hubert, etc) which does not appear to have travelled to England as an Anglo-Saxon compound in the pre 9th century. It was originally composed of the elements 'luit' meaning 'people' or more likely 'tribe' and 'behrt or beorht'- which in this case probably gave the literal translation of 'The famous tribe'. It is found in its native land in many forms including the original Lubers, Lubbers, Lubrich, Leiprecht, Lubbert, and Lubert, the meaning in all cases being the same, the differences being dialectal. Unfortunately early German records and registers are erratic, the country has been fought over too many times for the standard of recording found in the United Kingdom. Nethertheless we have been able to show that the name is one of the earliest on record, whilst a Coat of Arms was granted in Flanders. This has the blazon of a red field, charged with an arm couped at the shoulder, grasping a short sword point up, proper. On the blue chief surmounting a gold bar are two hounds courant. The date of this grant is not known, but is probably 17th century. Recordings include Matts Luber of Dresden on July 1st 1560, whilst on October 11th 1654, Peter Luebber was a witness at Dortmund, Westfalen. Other examples are Deidrich Luebbert, also a witness at the same town (Dortmund) on February 3rd 1687, whilst in the American registers Henry Lubbert, was a witness at the christening of his daughter Salinda, at Bergstrasse Lutheran Church, Lancaster, Pennsylvania on Christmas Day, 1852. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roberta Lubbert, which was dated 1297, recorded as being a widow at Flensburg, Sleswick-Holstein, during the reign of Adolf 1 of Nassau, Emperor of Germany, 1292 - 1298. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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