This interesting surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a locational name for someone who lived in the valley of the river Tyne, or from Tindall, a place in Cumberland, which is situated on a tributary of the South Tyne. This river, anciently called "Tina", derives its name from the British root "ti-" to flow. ("British" in this case refers to the extinct Celtic language of the ancient Britons). The second element is the Olde English pre 7th Century "dael" a valley. During the Middle Ages when migration for the purpose of job-seeking was becoming more common people often took their former village name as a means of identification, thus resulting in a wide dispersal of the name. The surname is first recorded in the latter half of the 12th Century (see below). William de Tyndale is registered in Northumberland (1292) and Thomas deo Tyndale, Durham (1317). The modern surname has many spelling variations ranging from Tindal(l), Tindale, Tindell and Tindle to Tyndale and Tyndal. On November 5th 1544, Thomas, son of Roger Tyndall, was christened at St. Dionis Backchurch, London, and William Tyndall married Margaret Hill on May 29th 1570, at the church of St. Margaret's, Westminster, London. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam de Tindal, which was dated 1165, in the "Pipe Rolls of Northumberland", during the reign of King Henry 11, known as "The Builder of Churches", 1154 - 1189. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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