Last name: Atcherley
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As a result of my own research into this family (from which I am descended), I believe the name was indeed taken from the place where the earliest members of the family lived. However, that place is not a lost medieval village and I do not agree that "there is "no such place as Atcherley or whatever." The place is now known as Aychley, and it is situated to the west of Market Drayton in Shropshire. Aychley Farm is a relatively modern addition, but Aychley Cottages are on the site of the original place, which for centuries was known as Acheley. For more details see the articles on my website, starting here: www.atcherley.org.uk/wordpress/a-good-old-shropshire-name- 13-part-2/ As for the origin of the place name, Richard Gough the historian of Myddle (who wrote about the Atcherleys of that parish) suggested that the name was derived from "Achesley the Oake Leasow". Acheley was known during the 1300s as Achesley, and there are documents dating back to that time mentioning Thomas de Achesley, his brother William de Achesley, and also Radulph de Achesley and a William de Achesleye.