Last name: Breakspear
Recorded in a number of spelling forms including Breakspear, Brakespear and Braksper, this is a rare English surname of probably pre medieval origins, and the name of the only British pope, Nicholas Breakspear, elected in 1159, and known as Adrian 1V. Rather unpopishly the meaning is believed to relate to success in combat or more likely in the famous tournaments, where the victor usually succeeded by either unhorsing his opponent, or by breaking his spear. In the 12th century there were similar surnames. Richard Brekesward (break sword) being recorded in Lincoln in 1195, whilst Stephen Bruselance (break lance) appears in the register of the abbey of Ramsey in Suffolk in the year 1308, and Martin Briselaunce in the register of the landowners of the county of Devon in 1312. More recent research by the late Professor P H Reaney has however suggested that the origin (like that of Shalespeare) may in some instances at least, be more Chaucerian. It seems that the Olde English pre 7th century word 'speare' can have at least two meanings, one of which is highly personal! What is certain is that this surname is one of the earliest recorded and early examples include Alexander Brekespere in the rolls of Lincoln known as the Curia Regis, for the year 1199, and Geoffrey Brekesper in the Curia Regis rolls for Surry in 1206. These rolls were essentially used to record and collect the necessary tax to enable firstly Richard, the Lionheart, (1189 - 1199) to continue his 'crusades' in the Holy Land, and for his successor, his brother King John, (1199 - 1216) to pick up the debt.
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Thanks for the support Priscilla, and say hi to your husband for me!
Priscilla Breakspear,nee Morgan
Totally agree My husband has always quoted that the only ENGLISH man to e a pope was Nicholas Breakspear.
My husband is Gerald George Breakspear,born in England.
In all records surviving from that era it is quite clear that Nicholas was English. For centuries Nicholas Breakspear has been described as English, now in these days when the English are an oppressed people he suddenly becomes British. As a Breakspear i am proud of Nicholas Breakspear - The ONLY English Pope. May i add that if he had been a Scot or Welsh then no way would he have been described as British.
Personally i never consider myself British, i am English.
english is not british then? i am confused
Nicholas Breakspear is the only English pope, not British!