Last name: Poland

This is a confusing English, and sometimes Irish, surname. If English it is recorded in the spellings of Poland, Polland, Pollane, Pollin, Powland, Powlesland and if Irish generally as McPolin, Polin and Poland, although most spellings are also found in Ireland. Again for most nameholders the surname probably originates from the village of Poland, near the town of Odiham, in the county of Hampshire. If Irish it is often from the same source, but if not is from a Gaelic diminutive of the ancient name Paul, and first recorded in Ireland in the 17th century. The village called Poland has nothing whatsoever to do with the country of Poland. It is Olde English pre 7th century in origin, the derivation being from 'pol landa', meaning an area of agricultural land surrounded by lakes or pools, or possibly a place where 'poles' that is to say fencing poles were 'pollarded'. Most locational surnames were given to people after they left their original village and moved elsewhere. It was a simple form of identification, but as fewer than one in twenty of people before 1800 could even write their own name, it was hardly surprising that many variant forms developed. Early examples taken from surviving church registers include: Elenore Pollane of Bramley in Hampshire on November 6th 1581, this being the only recording in the home county before the 18th century, and Emmee Powland who married Henery Elliott at St Dunstans in the East, Stepney, on July 21st 1613. John McPolin was recorded in County Armagh, Ireland, in 1665, whilst Elizabeth Poland was recorded at St Dunstans on January 9th 1727, and Robert Powlesland married Mary Skipworth at St Pancras Old Church, in the city of London, on May 3rd 1860. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was sometimes known as the Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

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Anthony Poland

The name Poland has nothing to do with German decendants! Where did this theory come from! Absolute bull.

Anthony Poland

My family Poland probably originated from Ireland,as I'm born in Liverpool.,and although I don't know much about my ancestors.being from Liverpool many could have gone to Australia/Canada/ect.

Annette Bergeron
hi wayne - i think i found it at ancestry.com......zeb went to us, married jershua leigh, they had zeb jnr, he returned to england and married eliz burn....and so it goes.....lol family all good - another grandie on the way next year = total of 14.........

Wayne Poland
Hi Annette, Wayne Poland here. Where did you find the information on Zebulon's origins? ps. I hope your family are doing well

Annette Bergeron
From what I can gather, my Polands came from Devon, England, one of the sons went to US and started his branch there....one of his sons (Zebulon),returned to Devon, England and married Elizabeth Burn in 1755...they are my 4th great grandparents) Annette

Randy Poland
I am pretty sure that my family came from the south of England near England. We immigrated to Mass. in 1640s

annette bergeron
hey josh - where are you from ?? i live in western australia....my maiden name was Poland.......

joshua poland
i have no clue either!!! so many theories!

Annette Bergeron
I had one one these done years ago and it claimed that the surname was of German dialect....supposedly a group of people were forced from Ratisbonne, Germany into Poland (country) and then later fled to France and adopted the surname Poland from where they fled..........so many theories, how do we know which one is correct......