Recorded in several forms including Bamborough, Bambrough, and Bambrugh, this is an English surname. it is locational from the town called Bamborough, in the county of Northumberland, where the surname is still prevalent. Bamborough or Bamburgh was built by King Ida of Northumbria in the year 547 a.d. According to the Anglo-Saxon historian, the famous Venerable Bede, sometimes known as St. Bede, who died in about 672 a.d. the twon was named "Bebbanburh", after a former queen "Bebba" of Aethelfrith, the second element being a derivation of the Old English word "burh", meaning a fortresst.The placename is also recorded as "Bebbanburgh" in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, sometimes called the first nerwspaper in the year 890, and as Baenburg in the Pipe Rolls of Northumberland in 1130, so much for spelling. During the Middle Ages when people left their birth place to seek work elsewhere, they would often adopt the placename as a means of identification, however in this case the surname is prominent in the town itself, suggesting descent from the original lords of the manor of Bambrough in the 12th century. The first recorded spelling of the family name is that of Beatrix de Bamburg of Northumberland, in Hundred Rolls of the year 1272, and Willam de Bambrugh of Coldinham, in 1355. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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