Recorded as Stable, Stables, Stabler, Steabler, the French Estable, and the German Stieble and Stiebler, this is a surname ultimately of Roman (Latin) origins. In the modern idiom it can be said to originate from the Olde French pre 7th century wiord 'establier' meaning a stable, being brought to the British Isles after the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is, however spelt, either a topographical name for someone who lived by a stable, or an occupational name for someone employed in one, or possibly a nickname for a person steadfast in purpose and deriving from the French word "stable".Early recordings of the surname in the surviving charters of England include those of Roger Stable in the Pipe Rolls of Somerset in the year 1201, Robert del Estable in the Assize Court Rolls also of Somerset in 1270, and Robert atte Stable in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1327. Later recordings taken from surviving church registers of Greater London include the marriage of Annes Stables to Richard Bleth on October 9th 1561 at St. Giles Cripplegate, the marriage of Ann Stabler to Stephen Durtnall at St Mary-le-Bone, on August 9th 1686, and the christening of Mary Steabler, the daughter of Jhn Steabler, on October 14th 1787 at St Pauls church, Covent Garden. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger Estable, which was dated 1199, in the "Rotuli Chartarum", during the reign of King John, 1199 - 1216. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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