This interesting and unusual surname, with variant spellings Charvell, Charvill, Chervill, Sharvell etc. is of French locational origin from "Gerponville", a place in the Seine-Inferieure region of France. The name may have been introduced into England after the Norman Invasion of 1066. The earliest recordings of the name appear in Essex (see below), being particularly prominent in church recordings at Romford. The name is also widespread in Hertfordshire particularly at Ware. John de Cherville was recorded in 1302, in the Petre Documents by Ero, while William Jerpeville was mentioned in the Subsidy Rolls of Essex in 1327.John Gardenill was listed in 1376, in the Assize Rolls of Essex. On April 14th 1544, Robert Charvell was christened at Childerditch, Essex and Thomasin Charvell married Joan here also on July 18th 1557. John Charvell was christened at St. Botolph without Aldgate on November 5th 1558. William and Kitty Charville's son, William was christened at Ware, Herefordshire on July 12th 1829. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John (de) Jarpen(n)ville and Laurence Charpenvill, which was dated 1258, Place Names of Essex, during the reign of King Henry 111, "The Frenchman", 1216 - 1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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