Recorded as Carrington, Charrington, or Cherrington, this is an Anglo-Scottish surname. It is locational and originates either from Carrington in the English counties of Cheshire and Lincolnshire, Cherrington, of which there are two villages, one in Warwickshire and the other in Salop, or in the case of Scottish name holders, from the estate known as "The lands of Carrington" in the county of East Lothian. In all cases the derivation is from the pre 7th century Old English word 'carr', meaning a rock, but probably used originally as a personal name, with the suffix '-ing" meaning the people of , and '-ton', a farm or settlement.This means the settlement of the people called Rock, or the tribe at the village on a rock. The surname from both the English and Scottish sources is first recorded in the late 13th century, an early example taken from surviving rolls and registers being that of Wautier de Keringtone, the parson of Dunnotre Church, Scotland. He rendered homage to the government of the country called 'The Interegnnum' in the year 1296. Other early recordings include William de Cherinton of Norfolk, in the Hundred Rolls of landowners in 1273, Margaret Charrington at St Georges chapel, Hanover Square, Westminster, in 1668, and Ann Cherrington who married James Winter at the same church in 1780. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John de Carrington. This was dated 1294, in the records of the Assize Court of Cheshire, England, during the reign of King Edward 1st of England, 1272 - 1307. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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