This most interesting and unusual surname, with variant spellings Engeldow, Ingledow, Engledew, Yngoldewe etc., first appearing in its semi-Latinized form "Angel-Dei" in the latter part of the 13th Century, (see below), is ultimately believed to derive from any of the various Anglo-Scandinavian personal names such as Ingledew, from the old Scandinavian Ingialdr. Ing was the name of a minor Norse god of fertility and the element "ing" means "swelling" or "protuberance", plus "gialdr", tribute; hence, "Ing's tribute". One, John Angel-Dei, translating as "John, the Messenger (Angel) of God", was recorded in the 1274 "Hundred Rolls of Lincolnshire". On August 11th 1549 William Yngoldewe and Alys Bate were married in St. Margarets, Westminster, London. John Ingledewe and Elinor Stanney were married in London in 1588, and on October 16th 1698 the christening of Mary, daughter of John Engledew, took place in St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster. Mary Engledow an infant was christened in St. Luke's, Old Street, Finsbury on May 25th 1766. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry Angel-Dei, which was dated 1273, "The Hundred Rolls of Lincolnshire", during the reign of King Edward 1st, "The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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