This interesting surname is of English locational origin from Hayburn(Wyke), a picturesque dell, north of Scarborough in the North Riding of Yorkshire. The placename is composed of the old English pre 7th Century elements "hege" a hedge plus "burna" a spring, brook or stream; hence "stream that flowed by the hedge". During the Middle Ages when migration for the purpose of job seeking became more common, people often took their former village name as a means of identification, thus resulting in a wide dispersal of the name. The surname may also be of topographical origin given to a "dweller by the stream that flowed by the hedge". The first recording of the surname appears in the mid 16th Century. Regional and dialectal differences have produced variations in the spelling of the name, e.g., Heyborn, Heyburn, Haborn, Heyborne, Haburne, etc.. On December 16th 1711, the marriage of John Habron and Grizzil Wilson took place at St. James Dukes Place, London and Jane Habron married John Wood on August 25th 1723 at St. Peter's, Leeds. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert Heyborne, who married Elizabeth Wilson, which was dated August 30th 1546, at St. Benet Fink, London, during the reign of King Henry V111, known as Good King Hal, 1509 - 1547. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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