Recorded as Englis, Ingle, Inglis, Inkle, Ingold, Ingoll, Ingall, Ingalls, Hingle and the patronymics Ingelson and Ingilson, this is an English medieval surname. It originates from the pre 7th century Old Norse-Viking personal name Inqialdr. This was composed of the elements "ing" meaning a swelling and the name of a minor Norse god associated with fertility (!), plus the word "gialdr", meaning a tribute; hence, "Ing's tribute". The Anglo-Scandinavian forms of the name were Ingald and Ingold, the latter appearing in the Domesday Book of 1086 for the county of Yorkshire. The name has to some extent become confused with the rarer Ingolfr, the second element, in this case, being from "ulfr", meaning a wolf. The forms Ingulf and Ingolf, also recorded in Domesday Book, are from this source. Early examples of the surname recording include Edmund Ingold in the Hundred Rolls of the county of Suffolk, and dated 1274, whilst Alicia Ingle appears in the Poll Tax Returns of Yorkshire in 1379, Thomas Ingleson in the Friary Rolls of Yorkshire in 1458, whilst Thomas Inkle married Anne Maurit on April 30th 1738 at the church of St Catherine by the Tower (of London). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Emma Ingel. This was dated 1272, in the Hundred Rolls of Huntingdonshire, during the reign of King Edward 1st of England and known to history as "The Hammer of The Scots", 1272 - 1307. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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