This interesting surname is a slightly Anglicized (Middle English) form of the Scando-German pre 10th Century "Linde", a topographical name for one who lived by a conspicuous lime tree or thicket, or who came from one of the several places so named, especially in Northern Germany. In the very early days, "Linde" was also a personal name meaning "shield" or "spear", both being manufactured from the lime wood, and this will also be the derivative of some of the nameholders. There are several forms, including Linden, Lindl, Lindholm and Lindro(os), the latter being the origination of the modern spelling. The name in England may be of Flemish weaver origin, or associated with civil engineering, or the jewellery trade, all three providing immigrants in the 17th Century. The examples of the name recordings from London include: Eleanor Lindors, who married Alexander Aitken at St. Martin in the Fields, Westminster, on December 1st 1762, and Alexander Lindores, a christening witness at St. Mary-Le-Bone, on January 14th 1787, in the reign of George 111 (1760 - 1820). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Hannah Lindos, which was dated October 27th 1689, marriage to Henry Pichett, at St. James' Churck, Duke's Place, London, during the reign of King William 111 of Orange and England, 1689 - 1702. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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