This is an unusual habitational name of apparently Scottish background, although the origins would appear to be definitely English. The name derives either from the old English "hlutt" meaning clean and pure or the old English "hlip" meaning steep plus "worp", translating as an open space or possibly hill side. If there was ever such a place as "Luthwood" it no longer appears to exist, although the village of "Lutterworth" in Leicester is a possible origin of the name as it has an exact etymology.The "modern" name recordings appear to be exclusively found at either Longside or Longmay Episcopal Churches, Aberdeen and include George Milne Luthwood, son of Margaret Luthwood, christened Lonmay, on September 8th 1873 and John Luthwood who married Janetta Dawson on June 9th 1888, also at Longmay Church. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Malcolm Luthwood, which was dated May 21st 1821, married Isobel Milne at Longside, Aberdeen, during the reign of King George 1V, known as "Prinny", 1820 - 1830. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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