Recorded as Manger and Monger, this is an English medieval surname. It is occupational either for a person who worked in a stable or manger, or as a trader or merchant. The later styling was as costermonger, a term which usually described a seller of fruit and vegatables. The origination is from the pre 7th century word 'mangere'. Occupational surnames were amongst the earliest to be created in about the 12th century a.d., but they did nt usually became heriditary unless a son followed his father into the same line of business. Many did not, and the original name then died out, perhaps to be revived by a later generation. In this case though the surname has a very early first recording with that of William Manger, who was clearly a person of some importance. He was listed as a landowner in the Hundred Rolls of the county of Huntingdon in the year 1255. Later recordings from the medieval period include those of Richard le Manger in the Subsidy Tax registers of the county of Worcester in 1275, and in Yorkshire, that of Robert Monger. He is recorded in the Friary Rolls of the manor of Wakefield in 1316, during the reign of King Edward 11nd 1307 - 1327.
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