This is a very rare locational name of Olde English pre 7th Century origins which derives from the 'lost ' medieval village of Stutsbury or Stuchbury in Northamptonshire. The village name first appears in the 1086 Domesday Book as 'Stoteberie' suggesting that the name translates as 'stots fortress', with 'Stot or Stut' being a nickname personal name meaning 'The Gnat'. The village spelling was recorded in 1155 as 'Stutesbiria' and is circa 1200 as 'Stotesbur' and in 1228 the recording being 'Stutterbyri'.The surname development includes Samuell Stuchbury christened at St. Brides, Fleet Street, London, on December 12th 1638. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Jane Stucksbury or Stuckbery, which was dated 1634, married Reinold Filner at Boughton Malherbe, Kent. during the reign of King Charles I, 'The Martyr', 1625 - 1649. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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