The ancient-British word for a river was "Tin" itself a derivative of "Tinan" meaning to dissolve or disperse. What is certain is that the word as "Tina" appears in Ptolemai's Geographia circa 150 a.d. during the Roman occupation of Britain which ended in 410. Later as "Tinus" circa 730, it is recorded by the venerable Bede in the early Anglo Saxon Chronicles. The same word was also used in Scotland, and the later surnames, whilst usually English, may also be Scottish in some cases. What is surprising is that there are several "Tyne" or "Teign" rivers in the U.K., and what is even more surprising is that the surname is not recorded in Newcastle upon Tyne until December 18th 1777, when Ann Tyne married John Matyer at St. Johns Church in that city. The name is well recorded in London to the point where this area could almost be the epi-centre. These recordings include Alyce Tynye (1576), Barbara Tynes (a patronymic form) in 1599, whilst on July 9th 1604, Itborowe Tyne married Gilbert Becke, at St. Dunstans in the East, Stepney. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henrie Tyne, which was dated October 6th 1583, christened at St. Mary at Hill, London, during the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1, known as "Good Queen Bess" 1558 - 1603. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
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