This early English medieval surname is derived from the pre 8th century Olde French 'Trompeor', and as such was introduced by the Norman invaders of England in 1066. It is a metonymic or job descriptive name either for a trumpeter or a maker of trumpets, and is recorded in the modern forms of Trump and Trumper. Amongst the many early recordings are those of Patrick Trumpe in the rolls known as the "Calendar of Inquisitions for the county of Cumberland" in the year 1275, and Nicholas Trump, in the 1279 Hundred Rolls of the county of Cambridge. William Trompeur appears in the "Letter Rolls" of London in 1320, and John le Trumpour in the Subsidy Rolls of Yorkshire, in 1327. One of the early 'settlers' to the West Indies was Humphrey Trump who was transported as a Monmouth rebel in 1685, on the orders of Judge Jefferies. He was from Membury in Devon and was sentenced to ten years hard labour - one of the light sentences! The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Adam Trumpur, which was dated 1275, in the Pipe Rolls of the county of Essex,. during the reign of King Edward 1st, known as " The Hammer of the Scots", 1272 - 1307.
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